Pay and Demographics of California Workers:
Results from Pay Data Reports from Large Employers

DFEH collects annual data from private employers with 100 or more employees on the pay, hours worked, job category, race/ethnicity, and sex of their California employees. Employers are required to provide these data under Government Code section 12999, effective January 1, 2021, to encourage employers’ self-assessment of pay disparities in the workforce and to promote voluntary compliance with equal pay and anti-discrimination laws. This webpage provides the findings and aggregated data collected under this statute.

Employers reported data on their 2020 workforce in spring 2021. The 2020 findings below reflect data on 6.3 million reported workers from approximately 14 thousand California establishments. This excludes data from public employers, independent contractors, and smaller employers with fewer than 100 employees, all of which are exempt from reporting. California employees who were working in California but assigned to out-of-state establishments are excluded from this initial publication. The data represent neither the entire employed workforce in California, which the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates at 17.8 million, nor the self-employed or contingent workforce beyond that estimate. The data were subjected to a series of data protection checks to ensure confidentiality and to suppress or to omit any individually identifiable information, as required by Government Code section 12999(i). The data on workers reported as gender non-binary are undergoing additional confidentiality checks and will be published later.

All data featured on this webpage are statewide data from California as a whole. Percentages may not always add to 100% due to rounding. The charts include job-category data in addition to reported workers’ pay and demographic data. For more information on the types of jobs that fall into each job category, visit the EEO-1 Job Classification Guide. Data are also available for downloading in Excel format in the drop-down menus at the bottom of this page. The downloadable data files are aggregated at the statewide level, by industry, and by metropolitan area. Following data protection checks, some of the downloadable files omit data by race/ethnicity to ensure confidentiality.


Sex of Reported California Workers

48%
Women

52%
Men

*The pay data were subjected to a series of data protection checks to suppress or to omit identifiable information.
DFEH will publish data on gender non-binary employees pending additional analysis.
These data are being subjected to rigorous checks to ensure for the protection of identifiable information.

Pie chart displaying the percentage by sex of reported California workers
VISUALIZATION CHART(S)
Bar chart displaying the percentage by sex of reported California workers across ten different job categories

Race/Ethnicity of Reported California Workers

37%
Hispanic or Latino
Women 48%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 52%
Men Overall: 52%
34%
White
Women 46%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 54%
Men Overall: 52%
18%
Asian
Women 49%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 51%
Men Overall: 52%
6%
Black or African American
Women 51%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 49%
Men Overall: 52%
4%
Two or More Races
Women 52%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 48%
Men Overall: 52%
1%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Women 50%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 50%
Men Overall: 52%
.5%
American Indian or Alaska Native
Women 50%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 50%
Men Overall: 52%
Pie chart displaying the percentage by race/ethnicity of reported California workers
VISUALIZATION CHART(S)
Pie charts displaying the percentage by race/ethnicity of reported California workers across ten different job categoriesBar chart displaying the percentage by race/ethnicity of reported California workers across ten different job categories

Pay of Reported California Workers, by Sex and Race/Ethnicity

37%
$30,679 and Under
Women 55%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 45%
Men Overall: 52%
Hispanic or Latino 50%
Hispanic or Latino Overall: 37%
White 25%
White Overall: 34%
Black or African American 8%
Black or African American Overall: 6%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Overall: 1%
Asian 10%
Asian Overall: 18%
American Indian or Alaskan Native 1%
American Indian or Alaskan Native Overall: 0.5%
Two or More Races 5%
Two or More Races Overall: 4%
24%
$30,680 - $62,919
Women 49%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 51%
Men Overall: 52%
Hispanic or Latino 47%
Hispanic or Latino Overall: 37%
White 27%
White Overall: 34%
Black or African American 7%
Black or African American Overall: 6%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Overall: 1%
Asian 14%
Asian Overall: 18%
American Indian or Alaskan Native 1%
American Indian or Alaskan Native Overall: 0.5%
Two or More Races 3%
Two or More Races Overall: 4%
21%
$62,920 - $128,959
Women 44%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 56%
Men Overall: 52%
Hispanic or Latino 27%
Hispanic or Latino Overall: 37%
White 41%
White Overall: 34%
Black or African American 6%
Black or African American Overall: 6%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Overall: 1%
Asian 21%
Asian Overall: 18%
American Indian or Alaskan Native 0.4%
American Indian or Alaskan Native Overall: 0.5%
Two or More Races 3%
Two or More Races Overall: 4%
18%
$128,960 and Over
Women 36%
Women Overall: 48%
/
Men 64%
Men Overall: 52%
Hispanic or Latino 9%
Hispanic or Latino Overall: 37%
White 51%
White Overall: 34%
Black or African American 3%
Black or African American Overall: 6%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Overall: 1%
Asian 33%
Asian Overall: 18%
American Indian or Alaskan Native 0.3%
American Indian or Alaskan Native Overall: 0.5%
Two or More Races 3%
Two or More Races Overall: 4%
Pie charts displaying the percentage by race/ethnicity of reported California workers in each of four different pay bands. Pie charts displaying the percentage by sex of reported California workers in each of four different pay bands.
VISUALIZATION CHART(S)
Bar chart displaying the percentage by sex of reported California workers across four different pay bandsBar chart displaying the percentage by race/ethnicity of reported California workers across four different pay bandsBar chart displaying the percentage by pay band of reported California workers across seven different race/ethnicity groups

Data findings.

California Statewide Aggregate

Aggregate by Industry

Aggregate by Region


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