Pay and Demographics of California Workers:
Results from Pay Data Reports from Large Employers
DFEH collects annual data from private employers with 100 or more employees on the pay, hours worked, job category, race/ethnicity, and sex of their California employees. Employers are required to provide these data under Government Code section 12999, effective January 1, 2021, to encourage employers’ self-assessment of pay disparities in the workforce and to promote voluntary compliance with equal pay and anti-discrimination laws. This webpage provides the findings and aggregated data collected under this statute.
Employers reported data on their 2020 workforce in spring 2021. The 2020 findings below reflect data on 6.3 million reported workers from approximately 14 thousand California establishments. This excludes data from public employers, independent contractors, and smaller employers with fewer than 100 employees, all of which are exempt from reporting. California employees who were working in California but assigned to out-of-state establishments are excluded from this initial publication. The data represent neither the entire employed workforce in California, which the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates at 17.8 million, nor the self-employed or contingent workforce beyond that estimate. The data were subjected to a series of data protection checks to ensure confidentiality and to suppress or to omit any individually identifiable information, as required by Government Code section 12999(i). The data on workers reported as gender non-binary are undergoing additional confidentiality checks and will be published later.
All data featured on this webpage are statewide data from California as a whole. Percentages may not always add to 100% due to rounding. The charts include job-category data in addition to reported workers’ pay and demographic data. For more information on the types of jobs that fall into each job category, visit the EEO-1 Job Classification Guide. Data are also available for downloading in Excel format in the drop-down menus at the bottom of this page. The downloadable data files are aggregated at the statewide level, by industry, and by metropolitan area. Following data protection checks, some of the downloadable files omit data by race/ethnicity to ensure confidentiality.
Sex of Reported California Workers
*The pay data were subjected to a series of data protection checks to suppress or to omit identifiable information.
DFEH will publish data on gender non-binary employees pending additional analysis.
These data are being subjected to rigorous checks to ensure for the protection of identifiable information.
Race/Ethnicity of Reported California Workers
Pay of Reported California Workers, by Sex and Race/Ethnicity
California Statewide Aggregate
Aggregate by Industry
Aggregate by Region